 ## آموزش و مشاوره انواع تحلیل‌های آماری 09128186605

# گستردگی انواع تحلیل‌های آماری موجود در گراف پد را ببینید.

#### Statistical Comparisons

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• Paired or unpaired t tests. Reports P values and confidence intervals
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• Automatically generate volcano plot (difference vs. P value) from multiple t test analysis
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• Nonparametric Mann-Whitney test, including confidence interval of difference of medians
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• Kolmogorov-Smirnov test to compare two groups
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• Wilcoxon test with confidence interval of median
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• Perform many t tests at once, using False Discovery Rate (or Bonferroni multiple comparisons) to choose which comparisons are discoveries to study further
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• Ordinary or repeated measures ANOVA followed by the Tukey, Newman-Keuls, Dunnett, Bonferroni or Holm-Sidak multiple comparison tests, the post-test for trend, or Fisher’s Least Significant tests
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• One-way ANOVA without assuming populations with equal standard deviations using Brown-Forsythe and Welch ANOVA, followed by appropriate comparisons tests (Games-Howell, Tamhane T2, Dunnett T3)
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• Many multiple comparisons test are accompanied by confidence intervals and multiplicity adjusted P values
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• Greenhouse-Geisser correction so repeated measures one-, two-, and three-way ANOVA do not have to assume sphericity. When this is chosen, multiple comparison tests also do not assume sphericity
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• Kruskal-Wallis or Friedman nonparametric one-way ANOVA with Dunn’s post test
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• Fisher’s exact test or the chi-square test. Calculate the relative risk and odds ratio with confidence intervals
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• Two-way ANOVA, even with missing values with some post tests
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• Two-way ANOVA, with repeated measures in one or both factors. Tukey, Newman-Keuls, Dunnett, Bonferroni, Holm-Sidak, or Fisher’s LSD multiple comparisons testing main and simple effects
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• Three-way ANOVA (limited to two levels in two of the factors, and any number of levels in the third)
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• Analysis of repeated measures data (one-, two-, and three-way) using a mixed effects model (similar to repeated measures ANOVA, but capable of handling missing data)
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• Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Compare curves with the log-rank test (including test for trend)
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• Comparison of data from nested data tables using nested t test or nested one-way ANOVA (using mixed effects model)
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#### Nonlinear Regression

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• Fit one of our 105 built-in equations, or enter your own. Now including family of growth equations: exponential growth, exponential plateau, Gompertz, logistic, and beta (growth and then decay)
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• Enter differential or implicit equations
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• Enter different equations for different data sets
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• Global nonlinear regression – share parameters between data sets
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• Robust nonlinear regression
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• Automatic outlier identification or elimination
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• Compare models using extra sum-of-squares F test or AICc
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• Compare parameters between data sets
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• Apply constraints
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• Differentially weight points by several methods and assess how well your weighting method worked
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• Accept automatic initial estimated values or enter your own
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• Automatically graph curve over specified range of X values
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• Quantify precision of fits with SE or CI of parameters. Confidence intervals can be symmetrical (as is traditional) or asymmetrical (which is more accurate)
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• Quantify symmetry of imprecision with Hougaard’s skewness
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• Plot confidence or prediction bands
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• Test normality of residuals
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• Runs or replicates test of adequacy of model
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• Report the covariance matrix or set of dependencies
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• Easily interpolate points from the best fit curve
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• Fit straight lines to two data sets and determine the intersection point and both slopes

#### Simulations

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• Simulate XY, Column or Contingency tables
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• Repeat analyses of simulated data as a Monte-Carlo analysis
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• Plot functions from equations you select or enter and parameter values you choose

#### Principal Component Analysis (PCA)

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• Component selection via Parallel Analysis (Monte Carlo simulation), Kaiser criterion (Eigenvalue threshold), Proportion of Variance threshold, and more
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• Use results in downstream applications like Principal Component Regression

#### Multiple Variable Graphing

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• Specify variables defining axis coordinates, color, and size
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• Create Bubble Plots

#### Column Statistics

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• Calculate descriptive statistics: min, max, quartiles, mean, SD, SEM, CI, CV, skewness, kurtosis
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• Mean or geometric mean with confidence intervals
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• Frequency distributions (bin to histogram), including cumulative histograms
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• Normality testing by four methods (new: Anderson-Darling)
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• Lognormality test and likelihood of sampling from normal (Gaussian) vs. lognormal distribution
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• Create QQ Plot as part of normality testing
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• One sample t test or Wilcoxon test to compare the column mean (or median) with a theoretical value
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• Identify outliers using Grubbs or ROUT method
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• Analyze a stack of P values, using Bonferroni multiple comparisons or the FDR approach to identify “significant” findings or discoveries

#### Simple Linear Regression and Correlation

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• Calculate slope and intercept with confidence intervals
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• Force the regression line through a specified point
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• Fit to replicate Y values or mean Y
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• Test for departure from linearity with a runs test
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• Calculate and graph residuals in four different ways (including QQ plot)
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• Compare slopes and intercepts of two or more regression lines
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• Interpolate new points along the standard curve
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• Pearson or Spearman (nonparametric) correlation

#### Generalized Linear Models (GLMs)

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• Generate models relating multiple independent variables to a single dependent variable using the new multiple variables data table
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• Multiple linear regression (when Y is continuous)
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• Poisson regression (when Y is counts; 0, 1, 2, …)
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• Logistic regression (when Y is binary; yes/no, pass/fail, etc.)

#### Clinical (Diagnostic) Lab Statistics

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• Bland-Altman plots
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• Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves
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• Deming regression (type ll linear regression)

#### Other Calculations

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• Area under the curve, with confidence interval
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• Transform data
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• Normalize
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• Identify outliers
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• Normality tests
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• Transpose tables
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• Subtract baseline (and combine columns)
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• Compute each value as a fraction of its row, column or grand total